This is ARMENIA — the land of a thousand secrets and the ancestral home of human memory.

The roots of a peculiar Armenian culture go back to centuries, making it a unique bridge between civilizations and peoples.

The invincible faith and the steady spirit of the Armenian nation helped it occupy a special place in the treasury of the world’s cultural heritage.

Where is Armenia located? 

The country is located in the northern part of West Asia on the Armenian plateau. It is bordered on the north by the Caucasus and the Black Sea basin, on the east – by Iran, on the south – by Mesopotamia and on the west – by Asia Minor.

“Armenian Hiland” is a geographical term. On this land the formation of the Armenian  nation took place and its history is being made .

On the upward day The Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Artsakh, as well as the part of territories of Turkey, Iran and some other adjacent regions of Azerbaijan and Georgia are present on the Armenian Hiland.

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Who are the Armenians? 

 The Armenians are the most ancient nation that arose and formed in Western Asia on the territory of the Armenian Highlands by VI century BC. They belong to the Armenoid type of the Aryan (Europid) race. The Armenian language belongs to the Indo-European family.

 The Armenians went through all the formations of the development of the nation, from primitive communist societies to capitalism and socialism, and created their own statehood. The hardest historical trials forced the Armenians (about 14 million) to settle almost all over the world.

How is Armenian culture different?

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 Armenian culture is a complex and flexible system. Here, the age-old traditions of the Armenian people were combined with elements of the civilizations of the Middle East and Eastern Christianity. The people with whom the Armenians were in direct contact also had a special influence.

The culture of Armenians is unique. For historical reasons, it developed not only in its homeland, but also in the Diaspora, where it united and preserved the identity of the nation both by language, traditions and faith.

                                                                                                                        /Photo: nar3k /             

What historical path did the Armenians go?

 The history of Armenian people spans almost five thousand years. Its substantive core was the history of the Armenian statehood.

 The peculiarities of the geographical position have made Armenia involved in many important world processes. The most important economic and military routes connecting East and West passed through the Armenian Highlands. Such a favorable position attracted numerous conquerors. Some of them had a disastrous influence, but could not break the invincible faith and spiritual strength of the nation.

How old is the Armenian statehood?? 

The consolidation of rudimentary state formations in the Armenian Highlands took place in the XV– XII centuries BC. Since the Х century, the most ancient united Armenian state, the Ayrarat kingdom of the Aikids, has been formed here. In the IX-IV centuries, the Armenian statehood of the ancient Middle Eastern type (Urartu, the Armenian kingdom of the Ervandids) developed, and from the III century BC. – Hellenistic (Great Armenia of the Artashesids).

At the turn of the III and IV centuries the kingdom of Great Armenia of the Arshakids, as a result of socio-economic shifts, was gradually turning into a feudal monarchy. The classical feudal monarchies were the kingdom of the Bagratids and the Cilician Armenian state.

Armenian statehood was being restored after more than a five-century hiatus following the results of the First World War. In May 1918, the Armenian Republic was born. A parliamentary form of governing is established. In December 1920, the Sovietization of Armenia took place. After the proclamation of independence on September 23, 1991, the presidential form of governing was established. In 2018, the Republic of Armenia again switched to a parliamentary form of governing.

On September 2, 1991, the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (Artsakh) was proclaimed. The presidential republic was elected as the form of governing of the second Armenian state, unrecognized by the world community.

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ARTSAKH

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