The invention of Armenian alphabet (405) is considered as thebasic impulse for the creation of Armenian literature. 5th century is Armenian’s ‘’ golden century’’ , as during it theculture and literature were improved.
The 387-division of Armenia’s western and eastern parts was a real threat to the nation’s unity.In schools greek and assyrian languages were taught , Christian books were inforeign languages․ There was a great necessity to makeeverything Armenian, to consolidate cultural, spiritual andlinguistic parts of the country, which could become the basefor the nation’s unity. The invention of Armenian alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots became the strongest way for doing this.
In 5th century or ‘’golden century’’ theological, philosophical works by Agatangeghos and Koryun, Eghishe and PavstosBuz and, Mesrop Mashtots and Ghazar Parpeci had a greatinfluence on Armenian literature of ancient and middle ages.
During previous centuries Armenia had permanent relations with Old East and mostly with ancient and Hellenistic cultures. Many Philosophers, rhetoricians and historiansimproved their education in famous Hellenistic centres. Thetranslations of literature had its huge place in the developmentof Armenian ancient bibliography. During several years TheBible, religious books, christian famous works were translated from greek and Assyrian.
Secular works became more widely spread than religiousones. The works of Aristotel, Platon, Sokrat were translatedinto Armenian.
The great part of manuscripts and letter presses weren’t kept after translation. Ancient translations enlarged thecommunication with international culture and art, many newterms were created and national literary language wasenriched.
The language of literature was Classical Armenian or Grabar the most wonderful translation into it was the translationof the Bible , which was called ” the queen of translations”.
Local traditions and customs also had a great impact on the development of literature. Works of Armenian writers werecreated parallel to translations. Soon armenian writers get ridof the impact of foreigners. The spreading of Christianitypromoted the development of Armenian religious songs andsermons. The most widespread type of religious songs waspsalms , which were firstly written by Mesrop Mashtots, Sahak Partev and Hovhan Mandakuni.