Instead of the dying scribe, the spoken language of the people, Middle Armenian, has become the dominant literary language. Reflecting life, literature not only preserves the fine arts and traditions of the previous period but also takes the path of globalization in a wider way.
The historical-political nightmare for Armenian people, in the XIII-XVI centuries, slows the normal development of Armenian culture but it’s not completely stopped. In difficult historical circumstances, when the whole intellectual movement was directed to the liberation struggles of the people, to the preservation of the nation, literature has more than ever approached reality by gaining a new quality. The specific importance of the verse and the social-ideological role are increasing. Literature has made some progress in the field of prose. One of the great events of the Armenian cultural life of the time was the beginning of printing (1512).
In Armenia and in the colonial settlements, there are educational and cultural centers that maintain the traditions of intellectual activity of past centuries through hard work. Doctrinal, philosophical, grammatical, natural and other works are being created.v
In the XIII-XVI centuries, the dimension of the verse increases. These works touch upon the themes of love, nature, social, alienation and moral education, express the hardships of people and individuals, patriotic moods and touch on philosophical issues of social status, life, death, soul, and body.
In the poetry of phased opposition to the development of secular ideas, doctrinal trends are secondary. Even after the 14th century, there were still inventions in which, opposed to the principles of Christian doctrine, human preference is given to material aspirations. Anthems dedicated to the Apostles, Christians, national saints and shrines reflect more mundane than religious phenomena.
Epic and educational poems are also existing in a significant part of historical literature dedicated to the depiction of heroic episodes and facets of Armenian history, the poetic development of certain themes of the Scriptures and the artistic portrayal of certain issues of science.
From this period, with their prosaic songs, religious and secular poems Hovhannes Pluz Erznatsi, Frik, Stepanos Orbelian, Khachatur Kecharetsi, Kostandin Erznatsi are especially known.
The diadem of the medieval Armenian lyrical crown, numbering about 500 people and attributed to Nahapet Kuchak in our time, in the vast majority of cases have survived as anonymous authors. That is the XIII-XVI century when most poems are confirming love. These fascinating verses, which were widely recognized before passing the oral route, lost the names of their creators and ended up in manuscript collections. Verses depict various life situations of a person. The stanzas are managed by a secular healthy spirit, rejected by the love of the market, glorified by the desire for pleasure, endless devotion, and happiness of the beloved.
In the XV – XVI centuries, a rich and noteworthy part of the poems is the historical lamentations that were created on the occasion of major political events and have significant cognitive and literary value. In particular, Mkrtich Nagash (1394 -1470), clarifies the immigrant’s songs, enriching it with new meaningful lines and emphasizing the emotional nature of the material.
Translated by Mariam Ispoiryan