Armenian Literature during Second World War
During Second World War and the next decades Armenian literature becomes ideological weapon for the protection of homeland, and also for propping up soldiers and glorifying the feat.
From the first days of war, in regional and front newspapers of Armenia, classic writers were mentioned with glorifying their idioms about heroism, patriotism and mother language, and the pages of national history. Writers showed the call of love and hate, one of them was Av.Isahakyan’s ,,Battle call” June 29,1941.In the visual system of literature there were included curses and call of hate, the call to fight and message of vendetta, as well as blessings and wishes, heroism praise and the call for protection of their native land .At the first line of battle were poems (N.Zaryan, H.Shiraz, G.Boryan, S.Vahuni, T.Huryan, G.Saryan).The main theme of poems became the inner world of fighting soldiers. Even though being reinforced lyrical principle poetry did not lose the combat emphasis at all for new quality. The statement “frontal lyricism” was separated from others for new quality. The parts of moral sense of war were found not only in the “frontal” but also in “backyard lyricism”. The Soviet-Armenian poem that made the picture of the homeland, returned to its origins, creating a place for the symbols of landscapes and national history, and for country’s unique ornament. It became more visible in the works of D.Demirchyan , Kh.Dashtents, V.Khechumyan.
Continuing the basic principles of artistic speech of 1920-1930s related to the development pattern of county`s social-political life, post-war literature revealed remarkable peculiarities of literal creativity. In 1946 the second congress of Writer`s Union of Armenia took place in which participated also Diaspora Armenians. It proclaimed the slogan of “One nation one literature”. Soviet Union Commune`s decisions also determined some formulas, to reinforce literature life with real life, to strengthen the civil content of artistic speech, to keep in focus actuality, not to be addicted with coloration of history. Simultaneously patriotism was banned again, national subject, ideas that were adapted to schematic mottoes were prioritized. Old and new literary forces that were similar to this lifeless schematics, colored the depicted life. As a result, there were created works lack of artistic value. Again with persecution, blame, slander, censorship, a heavy atmosphere dominated the art, literature and science.
At that time a new generation of writers develops. Works of Silva Kaputikyan, M.Margaryan, Gevorg Emin, H.Sahyan, P.Sevak, S.Khanzadya, V.Ananyan are published.
Armenian literature from 1954 to 1989
In 1954 after denunciation and overcoming of individual worship Armenian literature enters a new phase. Such national principles were restored as history, popularity, vital foundation for traditions, free innovation that promotes speech. Human being is presented with his personal life, subtle thoughts and feelings.
Along with a comprehensive picture of modern individual, the needed principles of Soviet Literature were laid new foundations (understanding of the civil debt of the writer, simple speech sonority). They were based on such an important question as connection of real life and historical fate of time with the full depth of socio-psychology. Poets wrote about issues related to development of Fine Art. Interesting debates took place in the press about all this, clarifying the attitude towards such problems as traditional and innovational, national and nationwide, up-to-date understandings and outdated perceptions, civil emphasis and philosophical economics, personal and non-personal life in arts.
Old medieval and modern values of literature were restored, the works of Charents, Bakunts and others` Western Armenian literary values, more attention was paid to Diaspora Armenian literature G.Mahary, Ler Kamsar, V.Norents and other writers returned from exile. The representatives of the older generation continued their poetic journey. V.Norents S.Tarontsi V.Alazyan G.Boryan M.Khkryan Kh.Dashtents K.Zaryan M.Vesper A.Grashi and others came up with new books and poetry series. P.Sevak`s and H.Shiraz`s poetry gained popularity.
The innovative breath as well as the continuation of literary traditions to art, brought extensive opportunities in the works of other representatives of that generation. A number of books of S.Kaputikyan V.Davtyan G.Emin M.Marmaryan T.Hovhannisyan were published. Artistic thinking appeared more traditional and natural in H.Sahyan`s poetry.
Armenian poetry developed not only in the sense of poetry but also Fine art. Time and human understandings were seen in all possible measurements. A few points were particularly important which were about the Armenian people and the understanding of time and century. Armenian poetry developed in all genres and was spread to other counties through translations. From the end of 50s to 40-70s in Armenian poetry appeared new names such as R.Davoyan, L.Duryan A.Sahakyan N.Mikaelyan.
The artistic prose also expanded its scope. The long journey of their creative life ended D.Demirchyan A.Zoryan M.Aragy Ler Kmasar.New writers appeared (H.Matevosyan M.Galshoyan V.Petrosyan Z.Kalapyan A.Ayvazyan R.Hovsepyan P.Zeytuntsyan H.Melkonyan V.Grigoryan 1942 and others) who gave new directions to the Armenian epic.
The prose mastered a very rich and extensive artistic material, Armenians` past lives since old times. Historical fiction developed during these years. The artistic image of the world of Armenia was created, the story of which was a continuous process of tragedy and heroism. From this point V.Khechumyan`s novels and novelettes are so remarkable that they depict the lives of medieval writers and illustrators. S.Khanzadyan H.Khachatryan and M.Shatiryan reffered to historical figures and events.
The subject of the novel became the story of the recent past of the Armenians (Genocide and generally the Armenian life in the beginning of the century(H.Kotchar G.Mahary A.Alajajyan Kh.Dashtents M.Galshoyan and others)). The prose also captures the history of the modern life of the Armenians which includes Diaspora life and Armenian life. In prose were also included such phenomena of social-political life of county that had been curtained during the years of individual worship.
Dramaturgy was presented by the works of G.Boryan, A.Papayan, G.Ter-Grigoryan, J.Harutyunyan G.Yaghjyan, M.Shahinyan, L.Karagyozyan, L.Mikaelyan had their contribution in dramaturgy. Together with proses Z.Kalapanyan and P.Zeytuntsyan wrote about modern life. Reality with new situations and relations of the everyday life and working life. There were also published lots of prose and poetical books devoted to child and teenager readers.
The 1971-85s were known for a number of features, first of all for highly artistic researches which was defined as stagnation period, opposition movement. Speaking about persecution, chaos, shootings of 1937 and 1949 was banned. Grouping and unhealthy struggle came to an end. In 1969 P.Sevak`s “Eghitsi luys” was put under arrest. Gradually they began to attack reaching leadership positions. Nevertheless, the writers who strengthened their position beared that trials.