Located in the central part of Armenia, Kotayk is the only province that has no interstate border with any neighboring states. It occupies 7.0% of the country’s territory, including the regions of
Abovyan, Hrazdan, and Nairi. The capital city is Hrazdan.
Area– 2086 km2
Population– 252.8 thousand (January 1, 2017census)
Kotayk province was reformed on April 12, 1995. In the past, it was a part of the cantons of Kotayk, Mazaz, Nig, Varaznunik, Aragatsotn province of Greater Armenia. In the years of the Armenian SSR, there were Abovyan (from 1930 to 1961 – Kotayk region), Hrazdan (from 1930 to 1959 – Akhta) and Nairi (until 1972,it was a part of Yerevan, as well as Hrazdan, Abovyan,and Ashtarak) districts.
The province is included in the Kotayk Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the seat of the diocese is Kecharis Monastery in Tsakhkadzor.
It borders the provinces of Tavush (in the north-east), Lori (in the north), Gegharkunik (in the east), Ararat (in the south), Aragatsotn (in the west) provinces and capital Yerevan (in the south- west).
Kotayk is located in the northeast of the foothills of the Ararat concavity, including the upper and middle basins of the Hrazdan River and the basin of Marmarik River wholly.
It is bounded by the Geghama mountain range from the north-east, by southern slopes of the Pambak mountain range from the north, by the Tsaghkunyats mountain range from the north- west. Gradually lowering to the southwest, it assimilates to the Ararat Valley.
The highest peak is Azhdahak Mountain (3598 m). Important constituents of the surface are also the volcanoes Tezhler (3101 m), Mount Ara (2577 m), Hatis (2528 m), Monaksar (about 2400 m), Gutanasar (2299 m), Volcanoes, Yeghvard Erablur, Karashamb hills. There are Marmarik, Meghradzor, Dalar, Tsakhkadzor, Azatutyun (55 km), Getar rivers in the territory of Kotayk.
There are also several waterfalls in Kotayk marz. The highest and the most elevated of these is the Khosrov waterfall in Goght village (8m).
Arzni-Shamiram irrigation system, Kotayk and Garni canals, Hrazdan water reservoir, Lake Akna, Argeli, Aghbyurak are in the territory of the province.
The landscape is semi-desert and mountain steppe with relevant flora and fauna. The Tsaghkunyats Mountains and the Marmarik Valley are covered with forests.
In the lower areas of the Kotayk region, the average temperature is 4.5-5 °C.
In the highlands, January temperatures drop by one and more degrees – -3.6 °C. The average temperature in summer is 8.7 °C.
In the lower zones, the average July-August temperature is 22.2 °C and higher. The lowest temperature is recorded at the peak of Mount Azdahak.
About 252.8 thousand people (48.2% men, 51.8% women) or 8.5% live in the region (01.01.2017 census). The population density is 121 people / 1 sq. km. The urban population of the province with 7 cities is 137.5 thousand or 54.4%.
The rural population is 90.3 thousand or 45.6%. The population of the province is dominated by people aged 30-62 (44.8%) and 15-29 (23.3%).97.6% of the residents are Armenians. There are also Russian, Yezidis, Kurdish, Assyrian, Greek and other nations (0.4%).
Urban communities – 7 (Hrazdan, Abovyan, Charentsavan, Yeghvard, Byureghavan, Tsakhkadzor, and Nor Hachn).
Rural communities – 60
Rural settlements – 62
Sightseeing in Kotayk province
Kotayk province is one of the oldest settlements in the Armenian Highland. There are 3028 historical-cultural values and monuments in the region.
Paleolithic-Mesolithic shelters (300 – 7 millennia BC, Hrazdan, Charentsavan, Jraber, Fanta, Nurnuz, Elar-Darani), Karashamb fortification Urartian canal, Cyclopean castles have been preserved here.
There are churches and remarkable khachkars in many settlements of the region.
Famous historical and cultural centers of the region
Garni (I century),
Yeghvard St. Mother of God Church (1301)
Ayrivank – Geghardavank (XII-XIII centuries),
Bjni Fortress (1031)
Kecharis Monastery Complex (XI-XIII centuries),
Ptlavank Monastery (V-VII centuries),
Havut tar (early medieval)
Aragyugh Church (V century)
Church of Bozhakan (VI-VII centuries)
Monastery of Carnis,
St. Sabzis Church of Bjni (VII century),
St. John’s Church of Alapars (VII century),
St. Gevorg Church of Karashamb (VII century),
Church of St. Tadevos the Apostle in Ddmashen (VII century),
Mother See (all of VII century)
Tegheniats Monastery (VIII-XIII centuries),
St. Ass Ascendant Church of Bjni (1031)
Monastery of the Nile (X-XII c.),
Garni Bridge (X century)
St. Theodoros Monastery (Zoravar, VII century).
Economy and public life
Kotayk is one of the regions in the Republic of Armenia which has developed and multi- branched its economy.
The province has an exceptional role in the field of energy. It is one of the rich regions with hydropower, which has great potential for the development of hydroelectric power generation. 3 large hydroelectric power plants are operating – Atarbekyan, Gyumush, Arzni HPPs, and 14 small HPPs. Electricity production forms 34.5% of the province’s industrial output and 28.5% of the total electricity, produced in the republic.
Manufacturing (processing and storing of food and beverages, meat and meat products, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, flour, non-metals, mines, other products (glass and glass, cement), furniture and jewelry are also developed.
Agriculture plays an important role in the province’s economy. Mainly cattle breeding and crop cultivation are developed. 35% of the region’s population is engaged in agriculture.
Tourism is developed in the region. Tourist centers include Tsakhkadzor, Hankavan, Aghveran, Bjni, Garni and Geghard resorts (with more than 70 hotels and resorts). Garni has an information center for tourism development, which can be an impetus for the development of rural tourism.
The poverty rate is 29.8%. There are 105 general educational institutions, 2 educational complexes, 6 state colleges, 5 vocational colleges, 1 non-state school, 1 non-state higher educational institution, Institute of Astronomy of Garni NAS, Byurakan Observatory, Department of Animal Husbandry of the Veterinary Scientific Center (Nor Geghi).
There are 100 state health organizations in Kotayk – 4 medical centers, 1 maternity hospital, 1 urban polyclinic, 1 regional blood bank, 2 health centers, 26 primary health care facilities.
There are also 2 dramatic and 1 puppet theaters, 6 museums, 66 libraries, 23 arts, fine arts and music schools, 52 cultural centers, a culture house, and a club.
The Yerevan-Sevan-Ijevan-Azerbaijan border and the Balahovit-Masis Interstate road (56.18km) cross through the province. Yerevan-Sevan-Shorzha (68km) and Hrazdan-Ijevan (20km) railroads pass through the province.
Mobile telephony and mobile internet are provided by all the operators in the republic.
The settlements of the region are 100% provided with the internet. The quality of the Internet is generally satisfactory.
48 districts are provided with wired telephony.
There are 66 post offices of Haypost CJSC. The population of all communities in the region has the opportunity to receive more than 10 TV channels. There is a “Kotayk TV” regional TV company. Public Radio is available in all areas of the region.
Geghashen – 222 97
Abovyan – 222
Arzni – 222
Article – 222
New Hachn – 224
Nairi region – 224
Hrazdan – 223
Charentsavan district – 226
Postcode (ZIP — 0201-0514