Le type anthropologique des Arméniens occupe une position particulière parmi les autres espèces de la branche méditerranéenne de la grande race caucasien. Il se caractérise par un développement sévère, une peau basanée, une forme brachiocéphalique (à tête large), des contours fortement accentués, un visage étroit avec des pommettes faiblement exprimées, un nez exprimé de manière unique. Les trois premiers signes indiquent que la population de la partie sud de la mer Méditerranée est proche du type arménoïde et la brachycéphalie montre la proximité des peuples balkaniques. Le complexe de caractéristiques, qui était auparavant considéré comme typique uniquement pour les Arméniens, est perceptible dans l’est et le sud de la Géorgie, qui est le résultat du mouvement vers le nord des frontières de type anthropologique d’Asie occidentale.
The Head Structure: The brachycephaly (a high-narrow face, a flat nape, a forehead with slightly accentuated eyebrow bones), a straight, middle-height broad forehead characterize the Armenians. There are anthropological types with different characteristics among the Armenians: some have slightly broad faces, horizontal or a little reduced nose tips, straight and flat foreheads, thick lips. Straight foreheads are primary in Transcaucasia.
The cephalic index for the Armenians is 85.4. It is 84 for Van and Yerevan, up to 86 in Sebastia and 87 for Karin. The average head height is 185 mm. It reaches 180 mm in the east and 183 mm in the south.
The Armenians possess a convex, long nose of middle-width. The length of the Armenians is 60 mm and it is quite wide, almost 33 mm. The width is between 37.4 mm and 38.4 mm from Van to Kesaria. The Armenian nose is especially featured in Caucasia.
Hair cover: The Armenians have highly developed tertiary hair cover. In terms of facial and body hair the Armenians are the first in Caucasia.
Dense brows, long eyelashes are typical for the Armenians. The densest brows are among the Armenians living in the east. With regard to the facial and body hair Armenoid (men) do not yield to the nationalities with the densest hair cover such as aja people and aboriginal Australians, and sometimes the Armenians even surpass them.
Skin and eye color: The Armenians have dark (more seldom light brown) hair, light (rarely dark) skin. Hair and skin gets darker from north-west to south-east. The maximum pigmentation occurs in Armenia and the eastern Transcaucasia (Azerbaijan). The Azeri are noticeably darker than the Armenians. The Armenians’ skin colour is pink – white, dark white and light brown. The dark white can be found among 85% of the Armenians. The light pink skin is among 8% of the Armenians and is especially common for the Armenians who emigrated from Van and light-brown for Kesaria Armenians.
58% of the Armenians have dark-brown hair, while black and middle brown is 38% of the Armenians. The rest of 6% has reddish brown hair. Dark and black haired men’s beard is mainly the same color, brown haired men have red and red-brown beard. So, only 75% of the Armenians have mere black hair cover. Red and brown hair is the most common among the Armenians who emigrated from Lake Van surrounding, while black hair is in the south and west, particularly among the Armenians who emigrated from Syria and its close areas.
73% of the Armenians have brown hair. Dark brown eyes are the most common in the west, where it makes 36% and is rare among the Armenians of Lake Van where it makes 13%. Mixed or light eyes are 34% of Van Armenians and only 11% Kesarian Armenians.
Biometric data: The Armenians’ height depends on the geography. The Armenians from Van, Baghesh, Karin, and Yerevan are taller than the ones living in Kesaria, Marash and Sebastian in the south, whereas the inhabitants from Kharberd to Tigranakert are average-height. The tallest are people from Van on average 169 cm, the Armenians of Kesaria and Marash are on average 164 cm. The Armenians are heavy for their height in average 72.5 cm.
The average penis length of the Armenian men is 13.5 cm and the maximum is 21 cm. It was the third in the former USSR and is considered to be average in the world rating.
Yerevan Disease: Being one of the ancient nations the periodic disease or Familial Mediterranean fever is typical of the Armenians it is also sometimes called “Yerevan disease”. It is a hereditary autoinflammatory disease that mostly but not always, occurs among the nations whose predecessors inhabited the Mediterranean sea area especially the Armenians, Sephardic Jews (much less Ashkenazi Jews), Turks and the Arabs of Northern Africa.
Prepared by Bagrat Movsesyan