Modern Armenian or Ashkharhabar originated in the 17th century, in the linguistic and socio-political complicated condition. Therefore, in the condition of segmentation of the country and the dialectal variation, due to the following things: economic, cultural, social life focusing, fight against the isolation in the Middle Ages, the trading growth, the centralization of the migrated population, the dialectal common conversational standard developed, then it had a written literary usage.Literary Armenian is represented both as the further development of the Middle Armenian system, and as the revitalization and the intended utilization.
Modern Armenian has 3 periods of development: Early period (17-19th cc.), two-sided Modern Armenian (19- early 20th cc.), and Modern Armenian( 1918- till now).
In the Early Modern Armenian period, the newly formed Modern Armenian was then equally developed along with Classical Armenian. That’s the reason, that Literary Modern Armenian, having a dialectal basis, it was accompanied with some elements of Classical Armenian. Anyway, there’re some manuscripts and printed books, manuals, diaries, religious, artistic works ( especially lyric).
Initially, Literary Modern Armenian was introduced with regional dialects ( Tbilisi, Yerevan, Nor Djugha), then it was used in a combined way until 18th century, which was followed by the division of Eastern and Western Armenian. Thus, this kind of language division is connected with the nation’s wandering life (Turkey, Persia and Russia), and with the dialectal differentiation of the language.
The Western Armenian version is based on Constantinople dialect. The Eastern Armenian version is based on Ararat dialect has become the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the Nagorno – Karabagh Repubic. This two branches were used in social and cultural spheres, whereas Classical Armenian was gradually moved from the usage. In addition, Western Armenian has remained as the communication language of the Armenians of Diaspora, which has recently been qualified as a dying language.
Translated by Christy Manukyan
See: ARMENIAN LANGUAGE