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The East

THE EAST

1081338From ancient times in the subconscious of mankind the East associated with revival and decline. The connection with sunrise gave traits of divinity and sacredness, Nomad attacks-traits of chaos.

 

Authoritarianism and suppression of personal displays characterize the East, but in the East the person could leave material borders. The History of the East is a history of the most ancient class societies, civilizations that possess major cultural achievements of mankind, which in turn made possible its further progress, predetermined the direction and character of this progress.

 

612457The geographical concept of the East does not coincide with cultural, civilization and historical and in different centuries varied. The spread of Islam and the Arab Muslims expansion in 7-8 centuries have transformed the concept of the «East» into the «Lands of Islam». During the Cold War the concept was more often used for a designation of countries of the Warsaw treaty and Communist China.

 

Today for Europeans the East geographically almost coincides with Asia, although quite often under the East are perceived countries of Asia, Northeast Africa and Southeastern Europe, opposed to the countries of Western culture. Because of the remoteness from the Western European civilization the East conditionally is divided into Near, Middle and Far.

 

i«Near East» – the name of a territory to the Western Asia and North-eastern Africa. In the 19th –and early 20th centuries in the concept of «Near East» was included all of the territory of Ottoman empire, including countries of Balkan Peninsula.

 

Mainly in the Western European and American literature the countries of «Near East» together with Iran and Afghanistan are included into the concept of «Middle East». As consequence, the concept «Middle East» is often applied only to Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Northeast, East and Southeast Asia is often called «Far East».

Asia

 

CIVILIZATIONS OF THE EAST

 

Human history is the history of civilizations, the history of the rise and fall. At the same time civilization Itself is the unity of the historical process and a set of material and spiritual achievements of mankind.

 

In this context, local civilizations are holistic systems, complex of economic, political, social, and spiritual subsystems. They developed according to the laws of the vital cycle.

 

Civilizations don’t have clearly defined boundaries, the exact start and end, the form. They change over time, since cultures of peoples interact and overlap.
chineseChinese civilization emerged about 1500 BC. This civilization is something more than the doctrine of Confucius. It is not limited of China, but also covers the Chinese community in Southeast Asia, as well as related culture of Vietnam and Korea.

 

japaneseJapanese civilization  was  separated from  the  Chinese civilization  between  100 and  400 years BC. Japanese  civilization   was  formed  as  a  result  of  multi-ethnic  and complex contacts.

 

dd18287cdd56Hinduism was the central culture of Hindustan from the second millennium AD. This is more than religion or social system, is the very essence of Indian civilization.

 

islam ostarmeniaInside Islamic civilization , emerged in the Arabian Peninsula in the VII century, there are many individual cultures and sub-civilizations, including Arab, Turkic, Persian and Malay.

 

christianity Specific micro civilization is Eastern Christianity ( Armenians, Greeks, Georgians, Syrians, Copts and others)

 

 

 

RELIGIONS OF THE EAST

Modern traditional religions of the East in the majority belong to the type of polytheistic. A feature of Eastern religions is also their national identity.

1Buddhism 2Confucianism

3Eastern Christianity

8

Taoism

4Islam

 

5Hinduism
6Jainism 11Judaism imagesSikhism 7Shintoism 9Yezidism 10Zoroastrianism
Countries in Asia
afAfghanistan

 

amArmenia
azAzerbaijan

 

bhBahrain
bd Bangladesh

 

btBhutan
bnBrunei mmBurma (Myanmar)

 

khCambodia

 

cnChina
cyCyprus tlEastern Timor

 

egEgypt

 

geGeorgia
inIndia

 

idIndonesia
irIran

 

iqIraq
ilIsrael

 

jp Japan
joJordan

 

kzKazakhstan
kpKorea, North

 

krKorea, South
kwKuwait

 

kgKyrgyzstan
laLaos

 

lbLebanon
myMalaysia

 

mvMaldives
mnMongolia

 

npNepal
omOman

 

pkPakistan
pgPapua New Guinea

 

phPhilippines
qaQatar

 

ruRussia
saSaudi Arabia

 

sgSingapore
lkSri Lanka

 

sySyria
tjTajikistan

 

thThailand
trTurkey

 

tmTurkmenistan
aeUnited Arab Emirates

 

uzUzbekistan
vnVietnam

 

yeYemen

© «Արևելքի երկրների մշակույթի կենտրոն» ՀԿ /«Cultural Center of the East» NGO, Armenia, Yerevan, 2012-2020