Ararat Region is situated in the south-west of Armenian Republic and is the largest province with its rural population. It occupies 7% of Armenia and includes the Artashat, Ararat and Masis regions. Capital city is Artashat.
Population – 256,7 thousand (1st of January, 2019 census)
Area – 2096.0 km 2
Ararat Region was reformed in 12th of April in 1995.
In the past it included Vostan , Hayoc, Urts , Arats and a part of Mazaz cantons of the Ayrarat of Mets Haik (Kingdom of Greater Armenia ). After the joining of Eastern Armenia and Russia, the province became a part of Erevan state.
According to Movses Khorenatsi and the Ashkharatsuyts medieval Armenian geographical book of Anania Shirakatsi, Ayrarat was one of the 15 provinces of Armenia Major.
It was considered the central province of the Armenian Highland. During the years of Soviet Union the province included Ararat (until 1968 Vedi ), Masis (until 1953 – Changibasar) and Ararat regions.
The Region is included in Diocese of Aragatsotn of Armenian Apostolic Church. The Saint Sargis church of Erevan is the seat of the diocese.
Ararat Region borders on Erevan, Armavir, Kotayk (in the north), Gegharkunik (in the east), Turkey (in the west) and Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (in the south).
The Regionis located at the southeast of the Ararat plain. Yeranos mountains are in the north and the border passes near Azat river. The mountains of Gegham, Dahnak and Mzhkatar from the east, Urts mountains from the south.
Yerax, Kotuc and Khosrovasar mountains are in the center of the province. The lowest point is in the west near Araks river- 801m. The highest point is the Spitakasar peak of Gegham mountains with a height of 3555.7 meters. Only 30% of the land is plain. Major rivers are Araks, Hrazdan, Azat and Vedi.
Considerably small rivers are Aratso, Chorasu, Khosrov, etc. The rivers passing through the plain have irrigation significance. Near Azat river there was built Zovashen reservoir. To organize the reservoir- job Kakhaxnov and Atashat reservoirs were built in 19-20centuries.
One of the most important structures of the republic’s irrigation system Azat reservoir is located in the region. All 8 landslide zones in the RA are extended in Ararat, but the main ones are semi-desert (in Ararat valley), dry steppe (in middle altitude mountains), alpine (on the slopes of Geghama mountain range). The cliffy terrain of Khosrov Forest located at the northeast of the province, used to be the stronghold of the Endangered Caucasian leopards in Armenia. The region is rich in fresh water. There are almost no forests: forested areas make up 0.1% of the total land area. There are travertine, sand, marble and basalt mines. There is no industrial mineral resource in the region.
The climate within the territory of the province is highly diversified. It ranges between extremely arid climate at the lower plains and cold snowy climate at the heights. The average annual temperature ranges between + 10 ° C and -2 ° C. In January the average temperature is -6 ° C and -12 ° C and in July it’s + 26 ° C and + 8 ° C, average
annual precipitation is 200 mm and 1000 mm. The lowest temperatures observed in the lowlands are -33 ° C and + 42 ° C. In general, Ararat region is characterized by climate dryness. Khosrov State Reserve is located in the region (1,600 – 2,300 meters above sea level).
Ararat Region is one of the densely populated regions of Armenia, with 122.8 people /1 sq km (2nd after Armavir). About 256,7 thousand people live in the region ( 01.01.2019 census) or 8.2% of the population of Armenia( 47.7 % men and 52.3% women).
The rural population is 185.7 thousand people or 70.5%. The majority of the population lives in Artashat and Masis. Almost all settlements are located in the lower part of the plain.
During Armenian history the number and composition of the population have changed. Armenians were the majority after 1830s, when thousands of Armenians resettled in the Ararat province from Salmast and Khoy.
97.2% of the population are Armenians, 1.9%- Yesidis, 0.6% Assyrians, 0.2% Russians. Artashat, Ararat, Masis and Vedi are urban communities. There are :
Urban communities – 4/ Artashat, Ararat, Masis, Vedi
Rural communitites – 93
Ruraal residence – 94
Sightseeing in Ararat
The Region is rich in historical monuments, from which 808 are under the state protection.
There are several monastic complexes in Ararat, the settlements of two historical capitals of historical Armenia – Dvin and Artashat, famous churches, khachkars, monuments of nature, villages.
Khachkars and tombstones of 10-15th-century antiquity in the Khosrov Reserve, as well as cave paintings (XIII-X centuries) and dragon monuments (BC). III-II millennia) are of particular historical value.
Famous historical and cultural centers of the region
Khor Virap Monastery (V-XVII centuries)
Hovhannes Karapet Monastery (1301, Dznzhrlu),
Gevorg Marzpetuni Monastery (X-XIII centuries),
Aghjots Monastery Complex (XIII c.)
St. Hakob Church of Mrgavan (XIX c.)
Havuts Tar Monastery Complex
St. Sargis Church of Argavand (XIX c.)
Church of the Holy Mother of God (1890)
Kakavaberd (Geghi or Keghi fortress)
St. Astvatsatsin (XIX century) Church of Verin Artashat
Ruins of Artashat historical capital
Ruins of Dvin historic capital
Urtsadzor Monastery and Urtsados Town (IV-XVII centuries)
Economy and public life
Ararat is one of the economically developed Regions of the republic. In Soviet times, there was a powerful industrial complex in the cities and territories of present-day Ararat province that included all branches of industry. During the years of independence, the region’s industry has undergone structural changes.
The industrial potential is concentrated in the Ararat region. The current basis of the province’;s economy is agriculture. It is mainly specialized in viticulture, fruit growing and vegetable growing. Leading industries are food products, including beverages, and other non-metallic mineral products.
The main branch of the province’s multi-branch industry is food processing and beverage production (fruit, vegetable processing and canning, distilled spirits production), cigarette production (non-fermented fermentation and cigarette production). ,production of leather, asbestos cement, stone cutting and processing). Industrial fish farming is also developed in the region.
In 2017 the number of economically active population of the province was 53.1%. The poverty rate is 27.3%. Unemployment is extended in urban areas: there are 4 medical centers, 1 maternity hospital, 1 health center, 4 medical centers, 50 medical centers.
There are 78 kindergartens, 23 kindergartens, 112 secondary schools, 21 music, art, art schools, youth creative centers, 6 colleges, 1 higher education institution “Artashat” University, 1 state vocational educational institution, 4 state secondary. vocational training institutions, 83 cultural houses etc.
There are 96 libraries in Ararat Region, 86 of which are rural, 6 are urban.
The Yerevan-Yeraskh Railway (95km) and the Yerevan-Yeraskh-Goris-Meghri-Iran interstate highway cross in Ararat province. The settlements are 100% secured with cellular and internet – fiber and ether-portable, the quality of the internet is satisfactory.
Wired telephony is provided in 4 towns and 18 rural communities.
There are 95 post offices of “Haypost”; . The entire territory of the province has been covered by digital TV programs.
There are 8 mainstream and 1 local television broadcasting here. The regional newspaper “Ararat” (since 1996) and “Artashat” (1958) are published.
Artashat – 235
Masis – 236
Postcodes – 0601-0823
Ararat provinsial administration
Adress՝ Artashat, August 23 st, 60 building
Tel.` (010) 25-60-23, (0235) 2-52-16