According to 2014, April 1st, the number of permanent population of the Republic of Armenia was 3.012.900. It is a dense habitable land (average density 108 person/sq. km). The most populated places are Ararat (65%) and Shirak valleys.
The population of RA is habited in 400-2400m levels, where the density becomes lower with height. The lowest place is Lalvar village (Tavush region), and the highest- upper Shorja village (Gegharkunik region).
There’re 48 cities and 953 villages in The Republic of Armenia. 63.3% of population are citizens, 36.7% are peasants. The capital Yerevan is the most populated place in Armenia-with 35% of people.
In 2013 the birth quantity was 1.5 times more than the death cases. The natural increase of population of 2013 was 14.605 people, and the total factor for 1000 habitants was 4.8 ppm. The fertility rate for one woman was 1.5 baby.
23% of population are teenagers (under 17). 11.1% are 65 and above years old people. According to UN demographic aging scale, such population is considered to be and aged one(higher than 7%). Life expectancy age is 74.1 years (77.2-females, 70.6- males).
48.6% of total population are men, 51.4%- women. The average age of people is 35.3 years, 33.5 are for males, 36.9 for females.
Ethnic composition of the population
The Republic of Armenia along with its national stuff of the population is considered to be one of the most homogeneous countries in the world. Armenians comprise the highest percentage with 96%, among them there’re Russians, Yazidis, Assyrians, Kurds, Ukrainians, Greeks, Jews etc. As of 2011 census data, the numbers are the following ones: Yazidis – 32 272, Russians- 11 862, Assyrians- 2 769, Greeks- 900, Ukrainians- 1 176, Kurds- 2 156, Georgians- 974.
The ethnic minorities are inhabited mainly in large cities. Although there’re some villages filled with these minorities. The ethnic minority of population in any part or region of the country cover only a small percentage.
The official language of RA is the Armenian. In 2001 Armenia joined the European Charter of Regional or Minority Languages. According to it, the Russian is the official language of ethnic minorities. There’s no regional language problem in Armenia. Thus, validating the European Charter of Regional or Minority Languages, it has decided to develop policy and make an action plan to defend and develop the languages of the ethnic minorities, which are Russian, Greek, Yazidis, Kurdish and Assyrian.
None of the ethnic minorities living in RA is neither a native, nor is connected traditionally with any territory of the country, although there’re some small villages, which are inhabited with these minorities. Armenia is considered to be one of the small countries, which have joined the European Charter, and having limited communities of ethnic minorities, has adopted the special condition of 5 languages used among minorities in the country.
Religious composition of the population
There’re 66 religious communities in The Republic of Armenia. The followers of The Armenian Apostolic Church are 94% of the whole population, Catholic- 0.46% (almost 13k people), orthodox church- 0.25 (7.5k followers), Nestorian- 0.05% (1.7k), Gospel-1% (29.8k), Jehovah’s witness- 0.3% (8000), 0,024% (0,7k), Protestian- 0.0245 (0.7k), Mormon-0.2% (2874 people), Shar-fadinian- 0.78% (24k), Pagan- 0.18% (almost 5k), Moslem- 0.25% ( 800). In addition, 1.14% (almost 34k) of population don’t consider themselves followers of any religion.
Among the religious minorities, there’re also Catholics, Molokans, Russian Orthodox, Gospels, Baptists, Pentecostals, Charismatic Christians, Jahovah’s witnesses, Mormons, Yazidis, Judas, Suni Mulsims (especially Kurds) and Shia Moslems.
Now, The Republic of Armenia is a secular country, but the Constitution recognizes The Armenia Apostolic Church as the Mission of National Church for Armenian spiritual life, for the development and preservation of national culture and identity, at the same time guaranteeing the freedom of all religious minorities.
The Armenian Apostolic church is the national church for the Armenians. The center is Mother See of Holy Echmiadzin. The head of the church is the Catholicos of Whole Armenians.
The center Mother See of Holy Echmiadzin. The head of the church is the Catholicos of Whole Armenians. Artsakh is a separate bishopric of the Armenian Apostolic church- Cathedral of the Holy Saviour church, which includes Nagorno Karabagh and neighboring regions.
The followers of the Armenian Apostolic church mainly live in the northern parts of the country. The majority of them are religious members of the Apostolic church. The number of the followers of Apostolic church, according to the church servants, is almost 120.000-180.000, but the belonging of the Apostolic church is often expressed in a symbolic way. The small communities of Polish and Germans are Catholics.
The Russians, Ukrainians, Greeks are Orthodox. There’re few Armenian Orthodox. Yazidis are the followers of Zoroastrianism and their own religion. Assyrians are mainly the followers of the Armenian Apostolic church, some of them are the followers of Orthodox and Assyrian churches. The Persians are Shia – Moslems. The Jewish community is mainly Judaic. The other representatives of religious communities are mostly inhabited in cities. They don’t cover a majority in any community.
Translated by Christy Manukyan