On September 2 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic marks its 25th anniversary.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is one of the ‘frozen conflicts’ in the border zones of the former USSR that could heat up following Kosovo’s declaration of independence.
On 20 February 1988, the autonomous region of Nagorno-Karabakh, which belonged to Soviet Azerbaijan but had a majority Armenian population, approved a resolution that would have integrated it into Soviet Armenia. Several months later war broke out between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The conflict lasted until 1994, although no peace agreement has ever been signed.
The Nagorno –Karabagh Republic was founded in 1991 on September 2 on the territory of former Azerbaijan SSR part Nagorno-Karabagh Autonomy and neighboring Shahumyan region.
On 10 of December referendum was held with attendance of 82,2% of registered citizens , 99,89% of voters has voted for independence , based on the result of referendum Supreme Council of Nagorno-Karabagh Republic accepted the declaration of independence.
In response of the referendum Azerbaijan started full-scaled military operation against the Nagorno-Karabagh Republic, both sides had wins and losses in this war which continued until 1994. On may 24 of 1994 in the capital of Kyrgyzstan Bishkek by the mediation of CIS parliamentary counsel Azerbaijan, Armenia and Nagorno-Karabagh signed protocol according to which sides came to agreement about cease-fire which operates to present.
In 1992 the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) created the so-called Minsk Group, a department specifically dedicated to finding a peaceful solution to the conflict through dialogue between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Twenty five years on, Nagorno-Karabakh is a de facto independent state run by a provisional government, although it still theoretically lies within the borders of Azerbaijan and, in practice, is dependent upon aid from Armenia.