The evidence that Armenia was inhabited since ancient times is scattered throughout Armenia. One of such places is Areni Cave or Bird’s Cave. It is located in the South-East of Armenia. The cave is situated 12 km from Yeghegnadzor, on the left bank of river Areni. The total area of the cave is about 500 square meters, which consists of 3 halls. The cave was discovered by the scientific employee of the Institute of archeology and Ethnography of NAS RA, archaeologist Boris Gasparyan. There was a lot of bird nests in that cave, so through the cave, they entrenched there. The alternative name of it is Bird’s cave. As a result of studies, metal knives, fruit seeds, rope, dishes, clothing, dried grapes, and plums, dated to 4200-3500 BC, were found in the cave. There were also found the world’s oldest women’s skirt (3900 BC), as well as the first winery in the whole world. Nowadays the mentioned winery is considered to be the ancient one and it is referred to 4th millennium BC. The cavern was perfect for food storage. This part of the cave had another use – as a ritual hall. The buried skulls of young women were discovered next to structures made of clay. Those burials, most probably, reflect ancient ideas about fertility rituals.
Areni is one of the rarest and best-preserved monuments in the South Caucasus, study of which gives us a chance to understand not only the peculiarities of the material culture but also shows us that wine-production in Armenia has at least a 6,000-year history. Since 2007, the cave is explored more archaeological than 12 institutions from 9 countries.
Made By Knkush Yeghoyan