Proverbs, patters and riddles are sayings, which have formed in the folk language. A saying is any concisely written or spoken expression that is especially memorable because of its meaning or style.
A proverb is a brief, simple, and popular saying, or a phrase that gives advice and effectively embodies a commonplace truth based on practical experience or common sense. A proverb may have an allegorical message behind its odd appearance. The reason of popularity is due to its usage in spoken language, as well as in folk literature
Armenian proverbs are metaphorical creation, the very meaning of which is expressed in an indirect, symbolic, mediated manner (“The chicken will lay eggs, the kennel will carry”), while the saying is a direct manifestation of reality (“The law for the rich, the punishment for the poor”).
Proverbs often originate from fables, becoming the formulated generalization of their moral meaning.
Riddle is one of the oldest types of Armenian folklore and literature, evidenced by literary development in the V and later centuries, it’s prose, short formula composed of one or more verses in the verse.
A riddle is a statement or question or phrase having a double or veiled meaning, put forth as a puzzle to be solved. Riddles are of two types: enigmas, which are problems generally expressed in metaphorical or allegorical language that require ingenuity and careful thinking for their solution, and conundra, which are questions relying for their effects on punning in either the question or the answer.
The composition consists of two interconnecting parts: the theory of the conjecture and the conundrum of the problem.
In the ancient times, they were widely used as a means of testing one’s mental maturity and ingenuity, and became a instrument to recognition of the world. Later they turned into exercise, and nowadays, into children’s entertainment.
The riddles have preserved many ancient mythological notions, reminiscences of everyday economic, realities, in which they acquire important historical and cultural value.
Patter is a prepared and practiced speech that is designed to produce a desired response from its audience. The stable formulaic forms of Armenian folklore include soundtracks built on phonemes, puzzles that are understandable for children, games (often dialogical), adjectives, threats, memories, and expressions.
Translated by Mariam Ispiryan