Armenian culture is a complicated and flexible system, always being in the circle of interaction of different nations, but at the same time preserving its originality and uniqueness. It is also remarkable event from the view of international culture, as preserving with care and enriching its property, Armenians introduced a huge investment in the overall cultural treasury of the nations of the world. (more…)
Traditionally armenians rarely used alcohol. Families from regions where people deal with horticulture used wine, and in mountainous regions they used brandy, but only during hospitality. (more…)
Dance takes a leading place among Armenian culture values with its rich traditions. Like the theatre the Armenian dance also takes the social problems onto the stage expressing with its own dancing gestures (more…)
The Armenian circus has a history of centuries. It takes a unique place in international cultural inheritance having a unique history full of rises and falls (more…)
The Armenian theater is considered the important part of Armenian culture . Its influence on the culture is certainly enormous (more…)
Armenian poetry is famous for its 4 national novels, including the oldest one-“Vipasanq”, which is a mythological novel with different epic songs and narrations about Tigran the Great, Sanatruk, Ervand, Artashes, Satenik, Artavazd. Armenian poetry consists of 2 epic parts- Tigran and Artashes’s novels (more…)
The Armenian film, having deep roots, has created the pireless pearls of film and has given such an actors, who were supposed to represent the Armenian filmography not only in Armenia and also in foreign environment (more…)
The Canonization Service of the Martyrs of the Armenian Genocide was held at Holy See of Mother Etchmiadzin on 23-th of April (more…)
On April 12, 2015 Pope Francis led the Armenian Catholic-rite mass on the occasion of the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, in St. Peter’s Basilica, at the Vatican. His Holiness honored the 100th anniversary of the slaughter of Armenians by calling it “the first genocide of the 20th century” and urging the international community to recognize it (more…)
Modern Armenian or Ashkharhabar originated in the 17th century, in the linguistic and socio-political complicated condition. Therefore, in the condition of segmentation of the country and the dialectal variation, due to the following things: economic, cultural, social life focusing, fight against the isolation in the Middle Ages, the trading growth, the centralization of the migrated population, the dialectal common conversational standard developed, then it had a written literary usage (more…)
Since 12th century, Middle Armenian has been in the equal position together with Classical Armenian. Before that time, it was in the formation process and didn’t have the unity of the linguistic forms and the structural homogeneity (more…)
Classical Armenian or Grabar had its unique place in the 5th century, and it’s distinguished by structural combination, dialectal and social nuances. So, Classical Armenian is supposed to have the spoken general basis of one or more close dialectal versions. There’re some dialects, which existed along with literary language. Thus, they differ from each other with the phonetic and lexical characteristics, at the same time keeping the generality of grammatical structure (more…)
Folklore is the oral creation of the nation, and the result of its united intelligence and emotion. Dating back to the ancient times, folklore has been developed including the outlook, secular life experience and wisdom of the nation. Folklore, as the most important aspect of spiritual culture, doesn’t have any origin, it passes mouth by mouth. Folklore has originated together with the Armenian troops and Armenian language (more…)
The Armenian Plateau is one of the largest units of the young mountainous areas of Western Asia (nearly 400 sq.k), which is located between Black Sea, Lowlands of Transcaucasia, Iranian Plateau and Jezire low Plateaus (Armenian Mesopotamia) (more…)
The Armenian Diaspora includes the Armenian communities, who live beyond The Republic of Armenia and Artsakh. The total number of Armenians all over the world consists of about 13mln people. The number of the Armenian Diaspora is nearly 8-9mln (more…)
The Armenian language is the national language of Armenians, and the official language of The Republic of Armenia and The Nagorno Karabagh Republic. Armenian is an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. Armenian is also spoken in Javakhk, and Spyurk (more…)
Bread is the integral part of the Armenian cuisine whose various types were known in ancient times. The widely spread and most popular type is lavash –the Armenian traditional bread which is baked from thin bread and has approximately one meter length. Generally lavash is baked without any yeast.While baking it is being adjoined to the pre-heated wall of tonir.
The housewives keep a bowl from the kneaded dough so as to add it to the new lump next time as yeast.
Today the history of preparing lavash is among the range of forgotten traditions.
In warm weather it was much easier to find fuel for tonir such as firewood and dung , that’s why in autumn a large amount of lavash was baked. Lavash was wrapped in a special cloth and was kept in it in cold pantries during the whole winter. Before using the required amount of lavash was watered and left some time after which it was getting a fresh look.
The oven of baking lavash that is the roots of the creation of tonir also lead in remote ages. Tonir is a conical cylinder made of refractory clay and dug into the soil. There is a hole for air circulation on the wide botton of tonir and just on the ground is a tube which helps to fuel the wood. Tonir is used to bake not only lavash and other cookies but also various soups ,cereals, vegetables, fish and fowl for gammon.
By the way in November 2014 the Armenian lavash and the art of its preparation entered in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
Translated by Paytsar Harutyunyan
According to 2014, April 1st, the number of permanent population of the Republic of Armenia was 3.012.900. It is a dense habitable land (average density 108 person/sq. km). The most populated places are Ararat (65%) and Shirak valleys (more…)
As of 2013, January 1st, the population of Nagorno Karabagh – The Republic of Artsakh included 146.6 thousand people (more…)
The Armenian cuisine is over three thousand years old. It has developed and accomplished during many years, and is distinguished by specific features such as the ability of following traditions and taking new ones. It’s expressed both by favorite dishes and their preparation ways (more…)