On April 12, 2015 Pope Francis led the Armenian Catholic-rite mass on the occasion of the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, in St. Peter’s Basilica, at the Vatican. His Holiness honored the 100th anniversary of the slaughter of Armenians by calling it “the first genocide of the 20th century” and urging the international community to recognize it (more…)
Modern Armenian or Ashkharhabar originated in the 17th century, in the linguistic and socio-political complicated condition. Therefore, in the condition of segmentation of the country and the dialectal variation, due to the following things: economic, cultural, social life focusing, fight against the isolation in the Middle Ages, the trading growth, the centralization of the migrated population, the dialectal common conversational standard developed, then it had a written literary usage (more…)
Since 12th century, Middle Armenian has been in the equal position together with Classical Armenian. Before that time, it was in the formation process and didn’t have the unity of the linguistic forms and the structural homogeneity (more…)
Classical Armenian or Grabar had its unique place in the 5th century, and it’s distinguished by structural combination, dialectal and social nuances. So, Classical Armenian is supposed to have the spoken general basis of one or more close dialectal versions. There’re some dialects, which existed along with literary language. Thus, they differ from each other with the phonetic and lexical characteristics, at the same time keeping the generality of grammatical structure (more…)
Folklore is the oral creation of the nation, and the result of its united intelligence and emotion. Dating back to the ancient times, folklore has been developed including the outlook, secular life experience and wisdom of the nation. Folklore, as the most important aspect of spiritual culture, doesn’t have any origin, it passes mouth by mouth. Folklore has originated together with the Armenian troops and Armenian language (more…)
The Armenian Plateau is one of the largest units of the young mountainous areas of Western Asia (nearly 400 sq.k), which is located between Black Sea, Lowlands of Transcaucasia, Iranian Plateau and Jezire low Plateaus (Armenian Mesopotamia) (more…)
The Armenian Diaspora includes the Armenian communities, who live beyond The Republic of Armenia and Artsakh. The total number of Armenians all over the world consists of about 13mln people. The number of the Armenian Diaspora is nearly 8-9mln (more…)
The Armenian language is the national language of Armenians, and the official language of The Republic of Armenia and The Nagorno Karabagh Republic. Armenian is an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. Armenian is also spoken in Javakhk, and Spyurk (more…)
Bread is the integral part of the Armenian cuisine whose various types were known in ancient times. The widely spread and most popular type is lavash –the Armenian traditional bread which is baked from thin bread and has approximately one meter length. Generally lavash is baked without any yeast.While baking it is being adjoined to the pre-heated wall of tonir.
The housewives keep a bowl from the kneaded dough so as to add it to the new lump next time as yeast.
Today the history of preparing lavash is among the range of forgotten traditions.
In warm weather it was much easier to find fuel for tonir such as firewood and dung , that’s why in autumn a large amount of lavash was baked. Lavash was wrapped in a special cloth and was kept in it in cold pantries during the whole winter. Before using the required amount of lavash was watered and left some time after which it was getting a fresh look.
The oven of baking lavash that is the roots of the creation of tonir also lead in remote ages. Tonir is a conical cylinder made of refractory clay and dug into the soil. There is a hole for air circulation on the wide botton of tonir and just on the ground is a tube which helps to fuel the wood. Tonir is used to bake not only lavash and other cookies but also various soups ,cereals, vegetables, fish and fowl for gammon.
By the way in November 2014 the Armenian lavash and the art of its preparation entered in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
Translated by Paytsar Harutyunyan
According to 2014, April 1st, the number of permanent population of the Republic of Armenia was 3.012.900. It is a dense habitable land (average density 108 person/sq. km). The most populated places are Ararat (65%) and Shirak valleys (more…)
As of 2013, January 1st, the population of Nagorno Karabagh – The Republic of Artsakh included 146.6 thousand people (more…)
The Armenian cuisine is over three thousand years old. It has developed and accomplished during many years, and is distinguished by specific features such as the ability of following traditions and taking new ones. It’s expressed both by favorite dishes and their preparation ways (more…)
On 29th of January in Yerevan was opened the museum-institute of Komitas, one of famouse figures of Armenian musical culture (more…)
Following the session of the State Commission on Coordination of the events for the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, President Serzh Sargsyan, in company with the commission members and the participants of the enlarged session, on 29th of January visited the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial Complex, laid a wreath at the Memorial to the Victims of the Mets Eghern and paid tribute to the memories of the innocent victims. Later on, the members of the state commission familiarized with the preparatory works of the new exhibition to be held at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute (more…)
The atrocities committed against the Armenian people of the Ottoman Empire during WWI are defined as the Armenian Genocide. (more…)
Vigen or Viguen, born Vigen Derderian (Armenian: Վիգեն Դէրդէրեան)(November 23, 1929 – October 26, 2003), known as “Sultan of Pop” and “Sultan of Persian jazz”, was a hugely popular Iranian pop music singer and actor. He is famous throughout the Near East.
Vigen was of Armenian ethnicity and during his era, some Iranian artists wanted to be associated with him, among them the country’s most established top female singers, Delkash, Pouran and Elaheh. (more…)
While Europe was experiencing a renaissance, Lenk Temur and Shah Abbas were invading Armenia and neighboring countries, leaving devastation and destruction in their wake. (more…)
The Armenians are one of the oldest nations in the Middle East and they belong to the Eurasian (Europoid) race of Armenoid (Western Asian) type.
As a nation, Armenians are formed in BC II – I, during thousands of years, and this formation took place in the Armenian Plateau. The Armenians have passed all the stages of development of modern nations from prehistoric tribes and medieval people to modern people. The Armenians are state-making people.
Its is First Republic Day, when the Armenian statehood was restored in 1918, and the National Council declared the establishment of the Independent Republic of Armenia on May 28 (more…)